Castro de Penalba

From the profane to the sacred

A sacred space

The hillfort was sacralised in the 17th century through the building of a chapel dedicated to St. Anthony. Behind the guise of a Christian religious cult lay hidden a previous one, associated with the engravings of two large serpents located on the uppermost part of the site. In ancient times, ophiolatry was linked to fertility rites. Furthermore, the hillfort is located in an area with a significant concentration of rock art engravings. This area, with huge symbolic significance in ancient times, was Christianised, like many others, by constructing religious buildings that concealed, assimilated or transformed ancestral forms of worship.