null Historia de las excavaciones - Monte do Castro
Monte do Castro
The end of a culture
_Historia de las excavaciones
Pontevedra Provincial Council funded six phases of archaeological intervention between 2011 and 2018.
The different phases of intervention would provide new data and extend the total excavated surface area. These phases were sector-based, corresponding to the castro’s different functional areas.
The living space, comprising several circular and oval-shaped huts and the crafting area was excavated, documenting structures associated with metalworking, too; lastly, a storage area in which amphorae used for storing wine or oil and large, ceramic recipients (dolia) for cereals were found.
An area of the patio-house was excavated, documenting intensive occupation in the 4th century BCE associated with structures made from perishable materials. A possible space for public use was also defined. The number of huts excavated increased considerably.
Archaeologists continued redefining the spaces and structures excavated in the previous phase. The monumental entrance, where the castro’s protective idol and a ritual deposit were found, was excavated. The large area given over to storing the surplus grain was also documented.
This phase focused on the excavation of the upper part, or croa, of the castro, uncovering the large, bronze cauldron, one of Pontevedra’s most unique relics. Documented in this sector of the castro is the temporary occupation subsequent to its abandonment and the recovery of a treasure haul comprising 15 Roman coins.
The consolidation and restoration of the structures recovered in the previous years took place.
This is the last phase to be undertaken to date and is ongoing, including the project to musealise the site so that it can be used and enjoyed by visitors, with the aim of explaining the complex occupation of the settlement in the past.