The first city
How to get there: From the Alameda in A Guarda, take Rosalía de Castro Street towards Camposancos/Ferry. After passing the modernist building that houses the Cultural Centre, on the right-hand side there is a road leading up the mountainside to the ticket gate.
There is a charge to visit the site and the museum, except on Mondays and in January and February, when visits are free of charge.
The site is accessible, with limitations for people with reduced mobility.
Visitors are asked to respect the archaeological remains. Their conservation depends on you. Thank you for your collaboration!
For further information:
¡Lo que no te puedes perder!
A Guarda’s Historical Quarter (A Guarda)
A stroll through its streets allows us to familiarise ourselves with the architecture and design of the fishermen’s quarter with its traditional fishermen’s houses, which are narrow, several storeys high and colourful. Along with the breakwaters, they have shaped the Port into a gathering point where locals and visitors alike can enjoy the pedestrianised streets full of bars and restaurants. The fish market is situated on the quay and is open on working days to visitors curious to see what fish and seafood has been caught that day. The A Guarda swordfish fleet is considered one of the most important in Spain. The Lobster Festival is held on the first weekend in July, and has been declared a Festival of Tourist Interest.
Santa Cruz Castle (A Guarda)
This castle forms a part of the defensive fortresses and systems that were built along the final stretch of the River Miño in the 18th century during the War of Independence between Spain and Portugal. As we walk through the walled site, different interpretation panels and audio guides that can be downloaded onto a smartphone provide an in-depth account of the fortress’s history. The Interpretation Centre helps us understand its function within the wider defensive system as a whole
Museum of the Sea (A Guarda)
This museum is housed in a building especially constructed in 1997 to recreate an ancient defensive fortress with a circular floor plan: a watchtower. It is situated in the port, the original building having been knocked down in 1945. The items exhibited here enable visitors to familiarise themselves with the life and traditions of fishermen in A Guarda, and include examples of traditional and modern-day fishing gear as well as local residents’ accounts recorded on audio-visual media.
Seixal Saltworks (A Guarda)
Old saltworks dating back to the 1st century which formed a part of a large salt mine on the Atlantic coast. Several stone slab, tiered, settling tanks and small, dividing walls also built using stone slabs are preserved. The salt produced here was used to preserve fish, enabling it to be transported and sold in other regions. The Coastal Path passes in front of the saltworks, running alongside the coastline of A Guarda from the port to the mouth of the River Miño, to end at O Muíño beach. The 3.6 kilometre path is pedestrian and part of it can also be used by cyclists.
River Miño Estuary ()
A natural border between Spain and Portugal. The mouth of the River Miño forms an estuary considered one of the peninsula’s most important wetlands, where two ecosystems, river and marine, converge. The PR-G 160 route, which begins near Salcidos parish church, allows walkers to discover the diversity of nature and the landscape the Estuary embraces, whether it be the flora and fauna, the ethnographic elements such as the “pesqueiras” (stone structures used to fish for lamprey) at the mouth of the river, the ceramic furnaces in Salcidos or the windmills on the coast. Interpretation panels along the route provide information on the Estuary’s importance in relation with its fauna and vegetation, as well as significant ecological aspects.