null Tour - Castro Alobre
Approximate duration: 30 minutes
1. Iron Age Structures
These form the bulk of the constructions that exist in the area open to visitors. The circular and oval floor plans that were typical of Gallaecian settlements in the Iron Age are evident. This space was not the subject of one, single occupation, with the result that many of its structures clearly underwent some kind of architectural reform or reworking. The existence in many of them of lareiras, or hearths, would lead us to believe that they were indeed houses. Among the items documented are fragments of ceramic kitchenware, tableware, storage and conveyance jars, metal objects such as fibulae or coins and stone mills.
2. El concheiro (rubbish tip)
There is only one piece of "evidence" of the existence of the concheiro, which covered almost the entire excavation site. The concheiros were rubbish tips and contained large accumulations of shell, bones, ceramic fragments, etc., which provide important information allowing us to know what the diet of the hillfort's inhabitants was like, how they exploited the marine resources and even the trade relations they maintained. The species documented here were the mussel, clam, oyster, cockle, razor clam, limpet, axillary seabream, white seabream, ballan wrasse, pout, sea bass, sardine, cow, sheep, goat, pig and deer.
3. A Roman hypocaust
A hypocaust (in Latin, hypocaustum) is a heating system for a building which produces and circulates hot air underground, heating the walls through a series of pipes the hot air passes through. The remains that have been preserved form a part of this system: floor foundations and the combustion chamber, or praefurnium. However, the rest of the elements were dismantled. Chronologically, the building dates back to pre-3rd century.
4. Was there a church here?
The is the highest part of the site, the "croa", or acropolis. The excavations carried out here found no archaeological remains; however, among these granite boulders was to be found a church dedicated to St. Vincent and founded in the 10th century, according to historical documentation. Its location at the highest point of the site is related to the process of Christianisation that occurred in many hillforts throughout Galicia.
5. The small botanical garden
Called Parque Botánico de Enrique Valdés Bermejo. The origin of this park dates back to the 1930s, when the Duke and Duchess of Terranova and Medina de las Torres decided to convert part of the land belonging to their private residence into a garden with a great variety of exotic species. Some of its trees are catalogued as being unique, making it one of the environmental jewels of Vilagarcía Borough Council.
¡Lo que no te puedes perder!
Vilagarcía de Arousa (Vilagarcía de Arousa)
The largest coastal town in the ria of Arousa. The borough falls within the area known as O Salnés, opposite Rianxo (A Coruña), on the other side of the ria. The small river Con crosses it, forming a part of its identity and history. This town also boasts an important seaport, commercial port and marina, in operation from the middle of the 19th century. It has long, blue flag beaches, natural spaces and parks, with walking trails, such as the Sarmiento or Cortegada trails, as well as pazos steeped in history which are well worth a visit.
Cortegada Island (Isla de Cortegada)
Home to the largest laurel forests in Spain, which share a space with 100-year-old autochthonous tree species, such as oaks, pines or willows. A series of small lagoons, the ruins of an old chapel and a stone cross form a part of this beautiful spot, which used to be inhabited in the past, creating a magical and mysterious atmosphere. At low tide, the old Camiño do Carro emerges, a pathway granting pedestrian access to the island and which was used historically to transport heavy loads.
Torre de Cálogo (Vilanova de Arousa)
The tower is the only part of the old San Cipriano de Cálogo monastery, founded in the 8th century, that still stands. The tower has a rectangular floor plan and was built with of the aim of defending the Galician coastline from attacks by invading ships. The monastery was destroyed by Norman attacks in the 9th and 10th centuries.
Casa Valle-Inclán (Vilanova de Arousa)
The museum is situated in the 16th century Torre de Bermúdez, declared a Historical Artistic Monument in 1976 and linked to the family of Valle-Inclán. The museum was the result of a municipal initiative, created in 1986 to preserve and disseminate the Galician writer’s life and work, characterised by its innovative nature, social resentment and the technique known as esperpento (grotesque caricaturing), as well as to convey the eternal memory of Galicia’s rural world.
Illa de Arousa ()
Galicia’s most recently-created borough council (created in 1995) and the only one that is an island. Access to the island is via a 2 km-long bridge that was opened in 1985, helping to invigorate the island’s economy. It was declared a Nature Reserve thanks to its 36 kilometres of coastline, 11 of which are beaches. Places of interest on the island are: Punt Cabalo lighthouse, Areoso islet, with its megalithic remains, Carreirón Natural Park, O Xufre port, the piers at Campo and Cabodeiro and O Con do Forno vantage point, at the highest part of the island.