null Itinerario - A Subida


A Subidá

1. Halfway down the hillside, control of the agricultural land

The site allowed an important visual command of the rich agricultural land that extended downwards towards the foot of the hillfort, much of which is still farmed today. A stretch of the ria of Pontevedra, a vital route in Ancient times, can also be seen from here. As such, the settlement’s location on this hill was no accident, rather it reinforces the desire to control and access fertile agricultural land, as well as to have a command of the territory visually for strategic reasons.


2. Huts

Despite not being visible, this spot is situated within the walled sites of the hillfort. Three stone structures dating back to the 1st century BCE and the 1st century were found here during the archaeological campaigns carried out. Two of them had the typical circular floor plans characteristic of Iron Age Gallaecian structures and the other was more quadrangular in shape, although its corners were rounded. Together they make up a dwelling unit, that is, a house, a storage hut and possibly a workshop. Numerous archaeological items have been uncovered here, telling us about everyday life, metallurgy and trade at the time.


3. A storage hut or a granary?

The hillfort of A Subidá is a prime example of the ways in which its Iron Age inhabitants made use of the environment, especially with regard to agriculture. This is borne out by the appearance of a large number of stone mills, not to mention this circular construction, discovered in the last excavations carried out and thought to be a granary, as it has no point of ground-level access.


4. Petroglyph

Bronze Age rock engravings can be found throughout the Monte das Sete Espadas (Hill of the Seven Swords), or Mount Subidá, one even on the excavated structures, comprising geometrical motifs, concentric circles and small cup marks that are not easily interpreted. Such motifs are commonly found in the formal repertoire of Galician petroglyphs.


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