null Yacimiento - Alto da Cruz do Castro
A hillfort with two distinct occupational periods
The excavations carried out uncovered two distinct occupational periods: firstly, the Second Iron Age (from the 5th century BCE until the 1st century BCE) and, later, between the 4th and 5 th centuries. This second occupation can be linked to the severe crisis in the 3rd century, a period of social and economic instability, which brought with it violence and unrest, leading to the abandonment of villas and cities and a return to the rural environment. In short, a return to the hillforts.
This site is comprised of two areas: a first area, situated on the upper part of the site and split into two tiers, and a second, lower down and western facing.
A 2-metre-high parapet can be seen in the interior of the upper area's northern-facing side. Remains of the wall, mostly dismantled now, can also be seen in this sector.
The hill owes its name to the existence of a cross positioned on its peak and partially recovered during one of the excavation campaigns carried out at the beginning of the 21st century.
The windmill, which has remained virtually intact, also stands out.
A natural vantage point overlooking the Pontevedra ria
In spite of its modest altitude, the hillfort is easily visible in the landscape and has a strategic visual command of the middle basin of the River Almofrei. It is situated halfway between the fertile lands of the valley and the Coirego hills. The site visually overlooks the middle and lower valley of the River Lérez, making it a natural vantage point from where the ria of Pontevedra can be seen.