null Yacimiento - Coto de Altamira

The Gallaecian world adopts Roman beliefs and tecnologies

This hillfort is renowned for the significance and interest of its material findings, especially its bronze figures, although it should be said that very few archaeological excavations have taken place.

Coto de Altamira is surrounded by three terraces or sites. The croa, or acropolis, is almost completely circular in shape and is demarcated by the wall, below which two variably sized terraces give way to a parapet and ditch.

The 17th-century St. Bartholomew’s church stands on the end terrace of the hillfort’s southern side.

During the 20th century, the hillfort was plundered by thieves in search of cultural heritage items. Thanks mainly to the local inhabitants, different pieces from the surface of the site were recovered, among which featured a bronze representation of Mercury. We only know of the existence of many other objects, whose whereabouts are currently unknown, through press releases.

The different interventions carried out have not been extensive enough to enable archaeologists to establish the site’s precise chronology. Through the study of the bronzes plundered, an approximate chronology of this material has been determined, dating it between the 3rd and 4th centuries. After a recent review of the ceramic fragments recovered, the beginning of the site’s occupation has been dated further back to the 4th-2nd centuries BCE.

A visual command of the River Miño

Its geographical location provides an extensive visual command of the surrounding area, in turn meaning it is visible from every part of the River Miño valley. Control of these lands was essential, as the livelihoods of its inhabitants depended on the resources provided. Their livestock also grazed on these lands. The Miño was an important river too in Ancient times, as it yielded excellent fishing grounds.